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Cam Location: Mpala
An estimated 800 plant species grow on Mpala. The vegetation is characteristic of semi-arid African savannas, predominantly grassy savanna bushland, with patches of woodland and open grassland. Dominant trees include species in the genera Acacia (Mimosaceae), Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae), Balanites (Balanitaceae), and Boscia (Capparaceae).
More than 2,000 cattle, camels, and sheep are ranched on Mpala, but the region also hosts an intact savanna mammal community, including Kenya's second largest elephant population. Eighty-five mammal species and at least 300 bird species can be found on Mpala. Elephant, eland, plains zebra, oryx, and giraffe are seasonally abundant, depending on rainfall and forage availability. Waterbuck, impala, Grant's gazelle, Jackson's hartebeest, and bushbuck are residents. Lions, leopards, cheetahs, spotted hyenas, black-backed jackals, aardwolfs, and bat-eared foxes are regularly seen.
Grevy's zebras in the morning light. Photo by Margaret Kinnaird
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