Meet the Class of 2013 Whooping Cranes
Hatch-year 2013 of the Eastern Flock

Back to Meet the Cranes 2013

Crane chick #9-13
Image: Operation Migration

Crane #9-13
Date Hatched May 19, 2013
Gender Male
Left Leg Right Leg


Personality and Training: Crane chick #9-13 was hatched from an egg rescued from the abandoned nest of the Wisconsin pair #24-08 and 14-08. Like all the Class of 2013, he hatched at Patuxent Wildlife Research Center in Maryland. He became part of the cohort when chick #6 got sick and had to be replaced. The first few weeks the team worried that #9 had aggression issues. He kept pecking at his puppet so hard it had to be taken away. The team was relieved when #9-13 began walking with the other chicks. Chick #9 turned out okay after all.

It didn't take long for all the chicks to learn their place in the pecking order: All of them were beneath #1-13! Chick #9 is the youngest bird in the bunch, so naturally he’s the "kid brother." The other birds don’t give him as much respect as they would 1-13, but #9 still holds his own against the adult cranes.

Chick #9 at Patuxent WRC
Growing Fast
Image: Operation Migration
Young crane chicks are almost ready to fly.
Ready for Flight
Image: Doug Pellerin
Getting vaccinations and FWS aluminm legbands
Image: Tom Schultz
First flight as a group!
First Flight As a Group!
Image: Video Screen Capture

July 1 training session at Patuxent WRC in Maryland

July 11 training session at White River Marsh
July 1
Image: Operation Migration
July 11
Image: Doug Pellerin

On July 9 the Class of 2013 was transported from Maryland to Wisconsin, their new summer home for the rest of their lives. Chick #9 did well from the first day. He didn't show any fear when the big white wing was added to the aircraft. He ran, then hopped and skipped as he flapped his wings down the grass training strip after the tiny yellow airplane.

By July 31 most of the birds were following the trike up and down the runway. By August 7, all eight Whooping cranes in this year’s cohort were able to fly and were trying to follow the aircraft. The first time he took off, he flew around aimlessly, as if he were lost, before touching down in the tall grass, but he found his way back to trike once it landed

During their first group short flight on August 10, crane #9 decided to follow the aircraft around one more time, but he ran out of steam over the marsh. He landed and disappeared into the tall grass. Joe wrote: "His flock mates and I stood at the end of the runway and encouraged him. When he lost his enthusiasm, I started the aircraft and led the rest of the birds in the opposite direction. That was enough convince him to plow his way through and he emerged on the runway, happy to see us."

With more practice in September, #9 will be ready for migration!

Fall 2013: Ultralight-Guided Migration South Migration begins!
October 2, 2013: Migration Day 1! Clear skies, zero fog and light north winds brought perfect flight conditions. Crane #9 flew the distance and landed at Stopover #1 with pilot Richard and cranes 1, 7 and 8. The other four were not so cooperative. They had to be crated to finish the trip by road. Go, crane #9!

October 14, 2013: Migration Day 13! After 11 down days and an attempted flight Oct. 9, they finally got a great day to fly! All eight cranes came out of the pen, took off and covered the distance with lead pilot Brooke. Two flew off his left wing and six off his right: perfect, and a wonderful surprise! Crane #9, who suddenly stopped trying back in mid September and wouldn't even come out of the pen on departure ay, was back in the game!

October 17, 2013: Migration Day 16 Another successful flight with all eight young Whooping cranes sticking with lead pilot Richard van Heuvelen for the entire 28 miles. The flight to Columbia County, WI lasted 42 minutes.

Pilot Brooke leads all eight to stopover #2!

October 22, 2013: Migration Day 21 Crane #9 was among the six others that dropped out and had to be captured, crated and driven to stopover #4 on today's turbulent flight. They are now all safely at the Green County, Wisconsin stopover site.

October 25, 2013: Migration Day 24 Crossing into Illinois! All eight cranes trailed off pilot Richard's wing the whole way! Winds kept them grounded here for the next nine days.

View from aircraft camera filming during  Oct. 25 flight
Image: Oct. 25 PlaneCam

November 3, 2013: Migration Day 33 The group of eight took off with Brooke for the 55-mile flight to LaSalle County. Crane #9 and six others stayed with Brooke's aircraft for the entire 2-hour flight.

November 7, 2013: Migration Day 37 Flying 1 hour and 15 minutes, all eight cranes followed Richard for the entire 55-mile flight to Livingston County, Illinois.

November 8, 2013: Migration Day 38 Another 59 miles gained! They're in Piatt County, Illinois.


November 13, 2013: Migration Day 43 Onward to Cumberland County, Illinois. Pilot Richard reported: "We reached 3,500 feet above sea level with a ground speed about 31 mph. By the time we touched down we’d been in the air just over two hours. A long time up there to cover 56 air miles."

November 18, 2013: Migration Day 48 Pilot Brooke led them right over the Wayne County, Illinois stopover—and onward to Kentucky! Flying up to 50 mph, today's flight added 108 miles!

Eight cranes and aircraft on Nov. 13
Image: Veronica Anderton

November 19, 2013: Migration Day 49 Hoo-wee! They got another double-leg flight today with good tailwinds and made it to Tennessee! Miles gained today: 63 + 53 + 116


November 29, 2013: Migration Day 59 It was finally a fly day, but a challenging flight to Hardin County, TN. Today the birds were in two groups with two pilots but all 7 fliers and one crated dropout bird ended up safely at the new stopover with 67 more miles gained. Their reward was a lovely stream one foot deep and 60-degree temperatures for bathing and splashing after the flight. Total miles now: 636. Last stop in Tennessee! Seven craes bathing after flight to Hardin County, TN.

December 12, 2013: Migration Day 72 Finally some progress! Winds foiled yesterday's attempted to advance the migration, and they turned back; but today all eight took off with Richard and Joe! Cranes #4 and #3 were the only two who stuck with the aircraft the whole 67 miles to land in Winston County, Alabama! Crane #9 and the others dropped out and had to be found and crated to the new location. Too many days penned in Hardin County!

December 13, 2013: Migration Day 73 Today's attempted flight (the second this week) brought over an hour of wrangling before they gave up and turned back to the Winston County, AL site at 703 total miles gone. The birds didn't want to stay with the trikes in headwinds. "They understand that it is wiser to save your energy for days when the wind helps instead of hinders. And maybe that morning was a lesson the students taught the teachers," wrote pilot Joe Duff. Attempted takeoff Dec. 14

December 18, 2013: Migration Day 78 Champion fliers of the day were Cranes #9, #1, #3, and #4, who flew all 101 miles with Richard's plane to Chilton County, AL. That's 804 miles gone!

December 26, 2013: Migration Day 86 All eight cranes completed today's double-leg flight, covering 110 miles to the final stop in Alabama. They're now at 906 miles gone.

Richard's takeoff with 7 of the 8 cranes on 12/18/13.

December 30, 2013: Migration Day 90 All of the birds turned back when Richard started to climb, but they were rounded up for another try. The THIRD double-leg flight in a row brought them 124 miles across Georgia in one day. They're in Decatur County and will cross into Florida next!

December 31, 2013: Migration Day 91 A perfect flight with all eight birds brought them to Leon County, FLORIDA, with just 28 miles to the finish line. Happy New Year!

January 5, 2014: Migration Day 96 After a 96-day journey when they gained miles on just 18 of those days, the Class of 2013 landed Sunday, Jan. 5, at St. Marks NWR in Florida. All eight Whooping cranes will spend their first days in the temporarily top-netted section of the large winter release pen. Then they will be banded and released to live as wild, free cranes. A team member will watch over their first winter to be sure they are okay, and probably crane pals #4-12 and #5-12 will watch too. (See photo at right, where the two adult cranes stand guard upon the young cranes' Florida arrival, just as they did upon their Wisconsin arrival last June!) Class of 2013 in St. Marks pen upon arrival
January 16, 2014: Health checks and banding with permanent band colors went very smoothly. Handlers put a hood over the crane's head so the workers wouldn't be hampered by wearing their helmets over their faces. Hooded crane undergoes health check and bandin
January 21, 2014: Freedom! No more top net! With the top net gone, the chicks can come and go at will from the safety of their enclosure, learning to live wild and free. Surprisingly, they have allowed sub-adult cranes #4-12 and #5-12 to stay with them in the pen, as long as the older birds let the younger ones be boss. They even let the older two roost at night with them on the oyster bar (a raised area in built from a pile of oyster shells in the pen's pond)! Last winter this pen was home to #4-12 and #5-12 as newly arrived migrants, and they must like being there... Crane #4-13 chases sub-adult #4-12 in the pen to show dominance.
February 26, 2014: Look how tall #9 has grown! He is the youngest but also the largest of the Class of 2013. This image gives you an good indication of his size as he challenges the costume/puppet. Crane #9 shows his height in this February photo.
Spring 2014: First Unaided Spring Migration North
March 31: All eight young cranes left the pen site at St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge this morning with a tailwind to push them along. Data gathered from the four cranes wearing PTT tracking units tells us they made at least one stop in Barbour County, Alabama and spent a couple of days there. By April 3, signals of the four PTT'd birds showed they had covered about 470 miles, reaching Daviess County, Kentucky. Storms and headwinds kept them grounded there for a week. Sadly, this is where the remains of young female crane #1-13 were found. Since only six cranes were ever seen together at this stop, it is believed it was soon after arriving that something happened to number 1-13, and that the other missing crane, # 3-13, likely split off from the group before this stop.

Six of the Class of 2013 flying over S. Wisconsin on AprilImage: Scott Weberpal


The 6 birds (cranes #2-13, 4-13, 5-13, 7-13, 8-13 and 9-13) continued migration when the weather finally allowed them to leave. The group apparently spent two days in McHenry County, Illinois. On April 12 they made a short hop into Wisconsin’s Walworth County, where a spring snow storm and winds kept them grounded for another 5 days. April 18 PTT data placed #2-13 approximately 10 miles north of Berlin, WI — likely to roost— and on April 19, the six young cranes (#2, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9) arrived right back on their training strip at White River Marsh, Wisconsin, migration complete!

The roost locations used by the cranes wearing PTT devices shows that, while they didn't follow the exact migration route used by the aircraft that led them south last fall, they surely were close for the entire way. Hooray!

Crane's #2, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9 at White River Marsh, WI on April 19, completing their first northward migration.Image: Lois Ballard
The group of six stayed together in Green Lake County, WI for several days. Then #7-13 and #8-13 broke off on their own, spending time in Dodge County, WI. and leaving #2, #4, #5 and #9 at White River Marsh in Green Lake County. This little group wandered in nearby counties during the summer, in typical behavior for yearling subadults and were in Fond du Lac County in July.
Cranes 2, 4, 5 and 9 in Green Lake County WI in April
Image: Doug Pellerin
Fall 2014: Crane #9-13, previously with the group including #2, 3, 5, 7 and 8-13, was a bit further west in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, with DAR #57-13 (Mork) as of Oct. 22. He began migration from Dodge County, Wisconsin, on November 13 or 14. Satellite readings placed in him Newton County, Indiana, on 14-20 November; Clinton County, Indiana, on November 25-29 and Lawrence County, Indiana, by roost on December 1. He was observed at this location with two sandhill cranes on December 2nd and continued south to Barren County, Kentucky, the next day. On Dec. 9 he continued south from Barren County, Kentucky. Satellite readings placed him at Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park, Alachua County, Florida, on December 11. He stayed until Feb. 28, then moved to the Gainesville area. He spent a lot of time at the University of Florida Beef Unit feed lot with numerous Sandhill Cranes!

#9-13 flying with Sandhill Cranes Image: Bill Black

Spring 2015: Male #9-13 began migration from Alachua County, Florida, on March 16 or 17. It took him five weeks to lollygag his way home to Green Lake County, Wisconsin, on April 21st. He wandered until moving south to the Horicon NWR in Dodge County, by April 25th. He wandered more during the summer and ended up in Marquette County

Fall 2015: Male #9-13 was last seen in November, still in Marquette County. At the end of December, ICF's Anne Lacy had no word on his whereabouts but said, "It may be that his transmitter is failing... I think he may be at St Marks, but we've no confirmation. He also briefly stopped through Wheeler NWR on migration north last spring, so he may be there."

Spring 2016: The remains of male Whooping crane 9-13 were found April 4, 2016 in Marquette County, Wisconsin, where he spent last summer along with #4-13 and #7-14 but did not show up at St. Marks NWR with his pals. He also didn't show up south of Gainesville, Florida, his wintering area two years ago. The team guesses that #9-13 had been killed sometime in fall 2015 and his remains had been covered by snow until April. Predation is suspected.

Image: Doug Pellerin
Crane #9-13

Last Updated: 4/6/2016