Background: An anticipation guide is a pre-reading activity. The guide contains
a series of true/false statements, fill-in-the blank sentences, and/or focus questions that preview
an upcoming text.
Pre-Reading Strategies: Activate Prior Knowledge,
Build Vocabulary, Set a Purpose for Reading, Make Predictions, Ask Questions,
Identify Main Ideas and Details
Procedure: Preview a selection for main
ideas, essential details, vocabulary words, and themes. Create an anticipation
guide by writing true/false statements, fill-in-the-blank sentences, and/or essential questions.
Have students read and respond to the statements and questions prior to
reading the selection. Revisit the anticipation guide after reading to
confirm or revise predictions, answer questions, clarify ideas, and assess understanding.
- Create an anticipation guide that simply lists key words and phrases for an upcoming topic or reading selection. Have students predict how the words are related.
- Use the text-only version of a JN monarch slideshow to create a pre-reading fill-in-the-blank handout for students.
- Use a concept map as an anticipation guide. Include the main ideas
or themes of the selection as headings for the concept map. Students write
background knowledge details and pre-reading predictions and questions
on the map. During and after reading, students add details from the text
to the concept map.
- Include photographs, illustrations, maps, charts, or other visual presentations
on an anticipation guide. Students use details in the visual presentations
to make predictions and ask questions.
Example: An anticipation guide for a
reading selection that describes concepts about the monarch's migratory route could include true/false statements and questions about pathways,
timelines, risks/dangers, and breeding/overwintering grounds.
The Missing Word Challenge is an anticipation guide that uses fill-in-the-blank sentences to preview the slideshow, "Spring Migration: A Race Against Time."
Missing Word Challenge