Make and Refine Predictions

Making predictions means to describe what you think will be revealed in the text based on clues from the title, illustrations, and details. Readers make predictions by previewing a text and asking questions. They use details as clues to make predictions as they read. They confirm or adjust predictions during and after reading.

Verifying and refining predictions means to check for the validity of your thinking based on information collected from a text. Prediction questions are directed toward material not yet read. As students read, they look for clues that help them decide what might come next in the text. Predictions help students set expectations for reading, use text to aid comprehension, and to compare their thinking with what the author has written.

Guiding Questions:

  • Based on the title, what information do you expect to read in this selection?
  • Based on information read so far, what do you predict will come next?
  • Based on the first paragraph, what kinds of information will be revealed?
  • Which predictions were confirmed by the text?
  • Which predictions need to be revised?
  • Which details or clues from the selection did you use to make your prediction?
  • Based on the following clues…, what do you predict the author will reveal in the next part of this selection?